Casino Reinvestment and Expansion

The Proper Care & Feeding of the Golden Goose

Under the new paradigm of declining economic conditions across a broad spectrum of consumer spending, casinos face a unique challenge in addressing how they both maintain profitability while also remaining competitive. These factors are further complicated within the commercial gaming sector with increasing tax rates, and within the Indian gaming sector by self imposed contributions to tribal general funds, and/or per capita distributions, in addition to a growing trend in state imposed fees.

Determining how much to “render unto Caesar,” while reserving the requisite funds to maintain market share, grow market penetration and improve profitability, is a daunting task that must be well planned and executed.

It is within this context and the author’s perspective that includes time and grade hands-on experience in the development and management of these types of investments, that this article relates ways in which to plan and prioritize a casino reinvestment strategy.

Cooked Goose

Although it would seem axiomatic not to cook the goose that lays the golden eggs, it is amazing how little thought is oft times given to its on-going proper care and feeding. With the advent of a new casino, developers/tribal councils, investors & financiers are rightfully anxious to reap the rewards and there is a tendency not to allocate a sufficient amount of the profits towards asset maintenance & enhancement. Thereby begging the question of just how much of the profits should be allocated to reinvestment, and towards what goals.

Inasmuch as each project has its own particular set of circumstances, there are no hard and fast rules. For the most part, many of the major commercial casino operators do not distribute net profits as dividends to their stockholders, but rather reinvest them in improvements to their existing venues while also seeking new locations. Some of these programs are also funded through additional debt instruments and/or equity stock offerings. The lowered tax rates on corporate dividends will likely shift the emphasis of these financing methods, while still maintaining the core business prudence of on-going reinvestment.
Profit Allocation

As a group, and prior to the current economic conditions, the publicly held companies had a net profit ratio (earnings before income taxes & depreciation) that averages 25% of income after deduction of the gross revenue taxes and interest payments. On average, almost two thirds of the remaining profits are utilized for reinvestment and asset replacement.

Casino operations in low gross gaming tax rate jurisdictions are more readily able to reinvest in their properties, thereby further enhancing revenues that will eventually benefit the tax base. New Jersey is a good example, as it mandates certain reinvestment allocations, as a revenue stimulant. Other states, such as Illinois and Indiana with higher effective rates, run the risk of reducing reinvestment that may eventually erode the ability of the casinos to grow market demand penetrations, especially as neighboring states become more competitive. Moreover, effective management can generate higher available profit for reinvestment, stemming from both efficient operations and favorable borrowing & equity offerings.

How a bandar judi online enterprise decides to allocate its casino profits is a critical element in determining its long-term viability, and should be an integral aspect of the initial development strategy. While short term loan amortization/debt prepayment programs may at first seem desirable so as to quickly come out from under the obligation, they can also sharply reduce the ability to reinvest/expand on a timely basis. This is also true for any profit distribution, whether to investors or in the case of Indian gaming projects, distributions to a tribe’s general fund for infrastructure/per capita payments.

Moreover, many lenders make the mistake of requiring excessive debt service reserves and place restrictions on reinvestment or further leverage which can seriously limit a given project’s ability to maintain its competitiveness and/or meet available opportunities.

Whereas we are not advocating that all profits be plowed-back into the operation, we are encouraging the consideration of an allocation program that takes into account the “real” costs of maintaining the asset and maximizing its impact.

Establishing Priorities

There are three essential areas of capital allocation that should be considered, as shown below and in order of priority.

1. Maintenance and Replacement
2. Cost Savings
3. Revenue Enhancement/Growth

The first two priorities are easy enough to appreciate, in that they have a direct affect on maintaining market positioning and improving profitability, whereas, the third is somewhat problematical in that it has more of an indirect affect that requires an understanding of the market dynamics and greater investment risk. All aspects that are herewith further discussed.

Maintenance & Replacement

Maintenance & Replacement provisions should be a regular function of the casino’s annual budget, which represents a fixed reserve based on the projected replacement costs of furniture, fixture, equipment, building, systems and landscaping. Too often however we see annual wish lists that bear no relationship to the actual wear & tear of these items. It is therefore important to actually schedule the replacement cycle, allocating funds that do not necessarily have to actually be incurred in the year of accrual. During a start-up period it may not seem necessary to spend any money on replacement of brand new assets, however by accruing amounts to be reserved for their eventual recycling will avoid having to scurry for the funds when they are most needed.

One area of special consideration is slot machines, whose replacement cycle has been shortening of late, as newer games & technologies are developing at a much higher rate, and as the competition dictates.

Cost Savings

Investment in cost savings programs & systems are, by their very nature and if adequately researched a less risky use of profit allocation funding then almost any other investment. These items can often take the form of new energy saving systems, labor saving products, more efficient purchasing intermediation, and interest reductions.

These items have their caveats, one of which is to thoroughly analyze their touted savings against your own particular application, as often times the product claims are exaggerated. Lease buy-outs and long term debt prepayments can sometimes be advantageous, especially when the obligations were entered into during the development stage when equity funds may have been limited. In these cases it is important to look at this strategy’s net effect on the bottom line, in comparison with alternative uses of the monies for revenue enhancing/growth investments.

One recent trend is the growing popularity of cash-less slot systems, which not only provide labor savings for fills, counts and hand-pays, but also serve as an aid to patrons who do not like to lug around those cumbersome coin buckets, while also encouraging multiple game usage.
Revenue Enhancing & Growth

Leveraging is the key catalyst of any revenue enhancing/growth related investment. It includes the following:

o Patronage Base
o Available Funds
o Lands
o Marketing Clout
o Management Experience

The principal is to leverage the use of the available asset towards achieving higher revenues & profitability. Typical examples include increasing average patronage base spending and widening the effective trading radius, by offering additional products/services, such as retail stores, entertainment alternatives, recreational/leisure amenities, overnight accommodations, more restaurant choices, and of course, expanded gaming.

Master Planning

Anticipation of potential growth and expansion should be fully integrated into the project’s initial master planning so as it assure cohesive integration of the possible elements in a phased-in program, while also allowing for the least amount of operational interruption. Unfortunately, it’s not always possible to anticipate market changes, so expansion alternatives must be carefully considered.

The Big Picture

Before embarking on any type of expansion and/or enhancement program we strongly recommend first stepping back and assessing the property’s present positioning relative to the market and competitive environment. As we have observed in numerous gaming jurisdictions around the country, often casino ventures that have been operating “fat and happy” for a few years, find themselves in a zero-growth period. Sometimes this is due to competition stemming from either/both new local area casinos or regional venues that have the affect of reducing patronage from peripheral area markets. Additionally, the current customer base may become bored with their experience and are seeking greener pastures. The historical growth of the Las Vegas strip is testament to the success of continually “reinventing” oneself.

Our approach to these market studies is initially focused on determining the degree to which the current facility is penetrating the potential market and in relationship to any competitive market shares. Typically, this represents an analysis of the current patronage base in terms of information gleaned from the player tracking data base, and mailing lists, coupled with day-part, daily, weekly, monthly and seasonal revenue trends.

This data is then interfaced with an assessment of the overall market potential to indicate the extent to which certain market segments are utilizing the facility and the needs it is fulfilling. More importantly however, is that this type of analysis will indicate those market segments that are not utilizing the facility more fully, and why.

Occasion Segmentation

As our proprietary studies have indicated, casino markets are segmented by various characteristics of occasioned-use that also include typical spending & visitation patterns. The traditional methods of market measurements, including gravity models, usually only weigh the demographic characteristics of a given population, based on revenues achieved in similar markets. However, an occasion segmentation market analysis reveals more detailed information as to the reasons precipitating a casino visit, how they relate to the benefits being sought, and the degree to which the occasion determines average spending and visitation frequency. This type of data mining is far more helpful than gravity modeling, in that it can help determine the type of facilities and positioning strategies necessary to attract each market segment, by measuring their relative contribution to the aggregate potential. The process has been successfully employed in the restaurant business and other leisure time service industries, especially amid a widening supply/demand marketplace.

Perhaps even more importantly, looking at the market from an occasioned-use perspective, reveals the extent and characteristics of the underling competition, that, in many cases not only include other casinos, but also alternative entertainment and leisure time activities, such as restaurants, clubs, theaters, and the like.

Demand Density

Another important aspect of occasion segmentation is in measuring overall market characteristics by day-parts, which is revenue density by time of day, day per week, weekly, monthly, and seasonally. This is especially important data when casino venues are seeking to lessen any higher than normal fluctuations that may be occurring between a slow Monday morning and a packed Saturday night; or that experience severe seasonal variations.

By segmenting markets by their demand patterns, a better understanding can be gained of which amenities may help bolster the weak demand periods, and those that may only add to the already maximized peaks.

Many expansion programs often make the mistake of configuring additional amenities such as high-end restaurants and lodging elements based on the peak demand periods. As a result, the net effect of costs & expenses for these investments can negate any contribution they may make to increased gaming revenues. Rather, “fill-in” markets are the most efficient means to increase overall revenues, as they utilize existing capacities. Las Vegas has achieved great success in creating strong mid-week activity through promotion of its extensive conference/convention facilities.

Amenity Driven Markets

Another benefit of utilizing occasion-segmentation is its ability to also indicate the potential impact certain amenities have on “impelling” visitation. While gravity models examine the casino related spending characteristics of a given market area, the formulas cannot measure the relative impact of any non-gaming driven activities that could nonetheless generate casino traffic.

Important data relating to the population’s occasioned-use of restaurant, entertainment, and weekend getaways can often form the basis on which to focus amenities designed to cater to these markets; and by so doing, increase visitation. Whereas many of these patrons may or may not utilize the casino, their exposure to the opportunity may hasten their use, while also creating an additional profit center.

Again, looking to the Las Vegas paradigm, more and more of the strip properties are now generating as much, if not more, non-gaming revenues than gaming revenues; as their hotels and restaurants are less & less subsidized, and along with their growing retail elements, represent strong contributors to the bottom line.

Program Development

Once equipped with a basic understanding of the market dynamics, both in terms of the existing facility’s current market shares/penetration rates in relationship to the competitive mix, and the overall occasioned-use of the market, a matrix can be created that sets the demand against the supply. This function seeks to identify areas of un-met demand opportunities and/or over supply, that forms the spring-board to the creation of relevant amenities, expansion and upgrade criteria & strategies.

Impact Criteria

Essentially there are two types of expansion/upgrade strategies: subsidized and profit-centers. Subsidized elements may include adding and/or improving amenities that will further widen current gaming market penetration/shares, thusly having a direct impact on growing casino revenues; while profit centers are designed to further leverage current patronage patterns with additional spending opportunities, and having an in-direct effect on gaming activity. Although many of the more traditional amenities, such as restaurants, hotels, retail shops, entertainment venues and recreational facilities can fall into one or both of these categories, its important to make the distinction, so as to clearly establish the design/development criteria.

Upgrading/Expansion

As has been previously discussed, Las Vegas continually seeks to reinvent itself as a means to increase repeat visitation, that in itself creates a snowballing affect as each venue must keep-up with its neighbor. To some extent upgrading programs, that may include creating a new and fresher look, is a lot like an insurance policy against slipping revenues, and do not necessarily relate to any incremental growth per se. Not to be mistaken for replacement programs of worn carpeting and slot machine recycling, an upgrade program should seek to create new excitement about the facility in terms of ambiance, quality of finishes, layouts, and overall décor.

Expansion of existing capacity is less a function of market analysis and more a function of “making hay while the sun shines,” based on a thorough understanding of the visitation pattern densities. Patron back-ups for gaming positions and restaurant tables can be both good and bad, depending on when they occur and how often. High per position per day net win averages are not always a sign of a prospering casino, as they could also mean lost opportunity because of an insufficient number of games. Conversely, additional positions are not always going to generate the same averages.

When initially configuring capacities for a new facility, it is important to fully evaluate the demand patterns into their respective day-part components that will maximize penetration during the peak periods while minimizing inefficiency – the point where the costs associated with additional capacity is exceeded by its net income potential.

Food & Beverage Amenities

Within most casino venues, restaurant amenities are “loss leaders,” designed to retain & attract casino patrons with low prices and great value; yet they have the ability to both widen occasioned-use of the casino, while also representing potential profit centers.

In Nevada, which is the only state where detailed historical F&B departmental operating results are available for casinos, properties with gaming revenues averaging between $20M to $200M showed food operations having a net departmental loss of 1.5% of sales in 2001, versus almost a 14% loss in 1995.

Much of this major turnaround is due to the growth in the number of food outlets, especially more upscale/specialty restaurants, which has spurred sales from 20% of gaming revenue in 1995 to almost 27% in 2001. Moreover, food costs have been reduced sharply from 45% in 1995 to 35% in ’01.

As the previous discussion on occasion-segmentation revealed, a consumer’s choice of a casino visit can sometimes compete with other entertainment/leisure time activities, including dining out. Having a market relevant restaurant facility within the casino can serve to attract the dining-out destination market, with the casino benefiting from its proximity. Therefore when market conditions indicate changes in a casino’s restaurant configuration, the questions to be addressed are how can they be designed to satisfy the current patronage base, widen occasioned-use, and improve profitability.

Lodging Elements

With turnkey hotel development costs ranging between $75K to $350K per available room, a market positioning strategy had better be well studied. Yet we see many such projects undertaken with little understanding of the market dynamics and economic impact.

Nationwide, according to our most recent survey, there are 724 casinos around the country; comprised of 442 commercial operations, about half of which are located in Nevada, and 282 Indian gaming venues, of which 209 offer most, if not all, of Las Vegas type (Class III) games. Roundly 58% of casinos in the commercial gaming sector have co-located hotels, compared with 37% of Class III Indian gaming venues, despite their containing a similar average number of games.

The high preponderance of hotels within the commercial sector owes to some gaming jurisdictions requiring them; including Nevada (for an unrestricted license) and New Jersey. Moreover, much of the Nevada market demand stems from beyond a daytrip radius, making overnight accommodations necessary in order to gain market share. When extrapolating these states from the total, the percentage of all commercial casinos with hotels drops to 50%, with an average of 312 rooms & 1,183 games.

The obvious advantages of casino lodging units is their ability to attract gaming markets from beyond the typical day trip radius, while also having a somewhat “captured” market (Casinos with Hotels). Moreover, guest rooms can be another perk-use for player club points. Hotels also widen a casino’s occasioned-use by offering non-gaming leisure activities & amenities, augmented by the ready availability of gaming, while also representing another profit center (Hotels with Casinos). Additionally, within a traditional lodging setting, a casino/hotel has a competitive advantage by virtue of its added entertainment features.

Among the major Las Vegas properties there are more hotel rooms than games, as the city transits from a gaming destination to more of a resort & convention destination. In so doing these properties increased their hotel profitability and investment returns by not having to offer low rates to attract gamers. Whereas, some areas such as Laughlin and Reno, which do not enjoy the critical mass of a Las Vegas, still find it necessary to supplement their hotel investment with casino revenue, due to low room rates and large seasonal visitation fluctuations

In configuring a casino hotel development it is therefore important to understand the market and financial dynamics and their impact on overall gaming revenue and profits. Within the free-standing (non-casino) hotel industry, financing terms are usually over a 15 to 20 year amortization schedule with a ten year balloon/refinance, and have a break even point that approaches 65% to 70% occupancy. Typical casino based lodging elements enjoy high occupancy levels on the weekends, but low levels weekday. It is therefore incumbent not to “build a church for Easter Sunday,” keeping in mind the overall efficient use of the asset.

Moreover, if the intent is to attract additional casino patronage from a wider market radius, it is important to evaluate the cost of any hotel subsidy versus the potential increase in gaming profits. A new 200 room hotel at a casino already generating 20,000 weekend visitors, may only be adding 2% to 4% more players, while exposing itself to higher costs. In regards to occasioned-use, especially among tourists and weekenders, casino hotels may also be competing with alternative resorts in the region.

Ideally, these types of facilities, when not situated in markets with insufficient local/day-trip markets (e.g. Laughlin), should be configured on the basis of their non-gaming related and off-peak period support so as to maintain relevant room rates and adequate levels of profitability. They should also include those amenities these markets are seeking, including, where applicable: conference and convention facilities, and indoor/outdoor recreational elements.

Albeit more of a niche market, RV Park facilities are a less intensive investment in overnight lodging facilities that can nonetheless offer some of the same benefits. According to the latest data, there are more than 9 million households in the United States that own RVs, and represent one of every ten vehicle owning households. Many of these households include the 55 & over age groups, who have a higher than average gaming propensity and annual income.

RV Park development costs are well below those for hotels, but usually have a high seasonal use, peaking during the summer months in temperate resort environs and in the winter months in the “snowbird” areas.

Retail/Outlet Shops

Retail/Outlet shopping is gaining a major foothold at casino venues across the country. First represented by casino logo shops and a few high-roller/jackpot-winner positioned boutiques, these stores have now grown into major malls and entertainment centers. The Forum Shops at Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas enjoys the highest per square foot sales of all retail malls in the U.S., and the growth in retail sales in the city is significantly outpacing that of gaming revenue. The presence of these shops serves as both an activity to the area’s 35 million annual visitors, who are now spending less than 4 hours per day actually gaming, as well as a major profit center that leverages the visitation base.

In less resort destination type markets, outlet malls are strong traffic generators from which a casino facility can draw patronage. On a smaller scale, casinos can widen their occasioned-use by offering unique and indigenous shopping that is especially positioned to attract the “adjunctive” daytripper market. The extent and characteristics of these stores should be scaled to the potential market, current visitation trends, and any local ambiance.

Entertainment

Although entertainment is a mainstay in casino environments, stemming from the Rat Pack days in Las Vegas, to today’s imposing concert/arena venues and specialty shows; their market dynamics are much misunderstood. They are at once, diversions, attractions, profit centers, and public relation tools. They can however, also generate major losses, and therefore should be well studied to determine their appropriate configuration.

With most major entertainment events occurring during the weekend periods the attracted audiences may not have any significant impact on a likely already busy period. Therefore it in incumbent that the specific event be structured so as to at least break even or turn a small profit. While this is somewhat self evident, the more central issue is the entertainment venue’s ability to also amortize its initial development cost investment. Outdoor facilities can sharply reduce construction costs, but also are prone to weather vagaries and seasonal use. Moreover, party tents and temporary structures usually do not have the cache of a fixed venue that is an integral part of the casino facility.

Recreational Facilities

There is a lot of attention these days being given to the development of recreational facilities at casino venues, especially those associated with resort projects. Golf courses are a common adjunct to many resorts, and many Indian communities enjoy the advantage of having access to the ample land areas and water rights these types of undertakings require.

As with all of the other revenue enhancing reinvestment alternatives discussed herein, recreational facility development should be considered within the context of its ability to generate additional casino patrons and/or serve as a profit center. Whereas golfers traditionally have a high gaming proclivity the association of golf with a casino is not exactly in sync, given the length of time required for a typical round. Moreover, even under the highest utilization rates, a typical 18 hole golf course will only accommodate about 140 players per day, while the national average in year round environments is about 100 rounds per day. This is not a lot of additional players for the casino, even if all of them gambled, and especially considering the cost of an average course, excluding land, ranging between $5M to $15M.

However, golf course development as part of a resort package and/or to fill a local market demand can have many non-gaming related benefits. From a resort development standpoint, a golf course as well as other recreational elements can add to the facility’s competitive positioning, to the point where its development/operating costs can be recaptured through higher room rates/green fees. Many traditional golf courses also “pencil-out” when incorporating fairway home sites, which have a particularly higher value than non-golf course sites. Given the trust status of Indian lands, this may be somewhat problematical on reservation lands, unless some sort of long term land leases could be negotiated for the home owners.
Planning/Financing & Implementation

Once all of the salient market factors have been considered and weighted against their cost vs. benefits, a comprehensive reinvestment & expansion program can begin to take shape. A design & construction team should be assembled that can help further interpret the program in terms of creative and value engineering input, while also maintaining its established market positioning and financial strategies.

Importantly, the program should illustrate how each element will be coordinated into the overall facility fabric and the manner in which it will be financed. Some funding can stem from reserved profit allocations, while others independently funded with additional debt, whose amortization has been factored into the overall project’s feasibility analysis.

 

Customize Your Neon Signs

When you want to customize your neon signs, it is important that you choose the company that is right for you. Many companies offer the services of customizing and painting your signs. They have a large selection of neon signs in all shapes and sizes to choose from, with many options that can be customized. These signs are easy to install, but you will want to consider what kind of design you want. Some companies will even offer a number of different colors for your neon signs, so that they can match your advertising. If you are not sure about what kind of sign you would like, you should speak to a representative who can walk you through the process and give you ideas for customizing your neon signs.

Customize Your Neon Signs

Another thing that you can do to customize your neon signs is add text to the sign itself. You can add your own message, or you can have a company add your message for you. The more information you can include on the sign, the better. You can have simple, bright words, or have a longer message that includes graphics and words. This will make the sign easier to read and remember. You can also choose to have your own company add your own information to your signs. It is important to remember that these neon signs are going to be placed on many different properties and you want to make sure that you get it right.

There are a variety of other things that you can do to customize your neon signs, and you can choose to go with a company that will come to you can create your own sign. With custom signs, you can customize them to fit whatever you are trying to get across. They will be used in lots of different places and they need to be attractive, easy to read, and easily remembered. With so many different options for customization, you will be able to make your neon signs look as great as possible. With all of these great options, you should be able to find a company that is right for you and your needs.

How to Do Windstream Speed Test Internet

When it comes to windstream speed test internet, I find it’s more about what a person does to find out if he or she is doing everything possible to make sure that they are receiving the most accurate information possible. The only way to do this is to test their connection on a regular basis. If you don’t have the money to buy one of these tests, then you can get some for free online. Most of them will let you do a test to see how fast your connection is for free. Of course, it’s always better to pay the money to be sure and to get a better result than not having anything to show for it in the long run.

windstream speed test internet

You should always try to keep up with your Internet service. It’s one of the most reliable ways to use the Internet as well. Even if you use an old computer, it’s still very important to make sure that your computer is always updated with the newest patches and that you are always being able to receive the most recent upgrades. These speeds are only going to increase, so make sure that you are prepared. The speeds that are available now may be pretty darn good, but in a few years or so, they will be even faster. There is no point in waiting around until the speeds that you are getting now are obsolete to then use the Internet for business.

The best thing to do is to make sure that you know exactly what you want out of your Internet service. Are you looking for a faster connection for gaming? Are you trying to stream movies and other media? There are several things that you need to consider when you’re doing your speed test. Make sure that you are doing all of your research and making sure that you know exactly what you’re looking for. Make sure that you are checking everything you need to look at in order to make sure that you are getting everything you need from your Internet service provider. There are many places on the Internet where you can get these tests for free, but there are also many places where you won’t know what you need to look at.

Solid Ideas For Starting Up A Blog

If you want to start up a blog, come up with a content theme. If visitors enjoy these posts, they will more than likely keep coming back to see what is new. Whether you are trying to make an informative blog or one about music, you have the potential to make a blog that is valuable to your readers.

Be sure that your blog has search engine optimization.

Don’t ever make your whole life. If you don’t take time off and get away from your computer, you may experience burnout. Go outside and take a walk, or take a long bath. Taking some time away from the computer will allow you to return refreshed so that you’ll be prepared to produce excellent content.

Invite other bloggers to guest blog on your blog. This is a great way to add more high-quality content to your site. You’ll also get more traffic from their blog to yours. You can create more content for your blog if you can add several guest bloggers on board.

Use images in your blog posts. Pictures are so much more powerful than words; the old saying about pictures’ worth compared to words can say sometimes. This definitely true for blogging. Images are sometimes able to add more than words alone. As such, it makes sense to incorporate pictures wherever possible.

You should consider inviting guests to make posts to help increase blog traffic. This is a great way to network with other blog owners and can come in helpful. Do not underestimate the potential of building cooperative relationships. If you ever have a problem, the person who you allowed to guest blog may be willing to do something to help you.

Improve your blog through constructive criticism to heart.If you receive any negative or destructive criticisms, simply respond politely and do not engage further.

Don’t shy away from using lists within your blog. Lists can effectively provide information that does not require a lot of explanation, or whether it is about what you need for overhauling your Volkswagon van. Lists provide information in a format that the reader needs out front where it can easily be seen.

If you want to increase traffic to your blog, you want to ensure that you have high quality content that will keep people coming to your blog. Users will return if you post high-quality content that they find to be honest and personal.

When you are blogging, remember to write each post informally.A blog should be fun and fun.It is of critical importance that you treat it as such.

Post your articles to as many different sites. This will ensure that you to disturb your blog’s content to a wider audience. Don’t ever limit the number of outlet for your blog. You aim should be to do whatever it takes in order to get huge numbers of readers to your blog. Use every possible outlet in order to get the maximum exposure.

Use social media sites to help build readership for your blog. Social media is hot on the internet, but if you do not use it, you are missing out on a big chunk of potential traffic to your blog.

Try making sure that you divide your longer blogs up into smaller ones. A blog that is really long is hard for a reader to take in at once.

Try creating a blog homepage for your blog. Many blogs stick with their standard template format that only shows your recent post listing, but you can make it more interesting by creating a custom homepage. This will also become very useful in terms of helping search engines to find your site.

Giving away stuff is a good way to attract visitors. People always enjoy getting something for nothing, so it doesn’t need to be a big deal.Give away freebies whenever you can and you’ll find that your visitor base is growing rapidly. People will frequent your blog.

Add polls or poll to your blog. Post the results accompanied by comments on what you think about the outcome. The gathered information will also help you tune your blog for your readers.

Remember that blogging is a blog is an incredibly social business. This means that you to be very accessible to all your base of readers and followers. You also need to get out there and speak to people in your niche. You will never be successful if you just sit back and do not do anything. You must be actively engaged in your blog’s success.

Try to use short posts and relevant content near the link bar. The area near the link bar tend to get a lot of reader attention. You can put your total number of subscribers right there. The link bar should be used as an aid for subscriptions, so just use the link bar as a general subscribing prompt.

Never underestimate the importance of content and effective promotion for your blog. These two areas are the key elements combine to make or break any blog. If you aren’t creating excellent content on a regular basis, they won’t return. Even if your content is the best on the Internet, you will get no readership if you fail to advertise your blog properly.

This helps make your posts interesting and increases the quality of your postings. This is a simple way to improve your blog.

Social networking sites can help increase traffic to your blog’s traffic. Create a page on Facebook, and then promote it to your friends and readers. You can also use Twitter by tweeting links to your most interesting blog posts. If you don’t overdo it, your traffic will increase and your readership will appreciate your efforts.

Creating a successful blog is probably not as hard you think. There are literally thousands of popular blogs. You can post pictures, stories, advice or anything else that your imagination can think up. If you follow the advice provided in this article, you will quickly find yourself running a successful blog.

Solid Advice About Music Downloads That Can Help Anyone

Have you been interested in downloading music previously but felt intimidated by the game? Maybe you don’t want to ask family and friends for help you feel embarrassed. This article is for you. These tips will help you with it.

Be careful of which sites you download your music. It’s best to use reputable sites so that you don’t get viruses or a lot of spam mail. Remember that it is always keep your private information safe when dealing with sites you know nothing about.

Proceed with caution if you plan to download music from free sites. Hackers who want to spread viruses via free music that they know people want.

Check out the reviews of unknown website before you do anything. If you cannot find any reviews, try another site.

A great tip is to bee on the lookout for price promotions. Many times, even offering songs for free.

The deals are updated daily, so check in daily for the best deals.

Make sure to backup of your songs. Building up a library full of songs can eat up a lot of your time and money. Losing all of those files would really be terrible. Do not depend on the site to allow you to download each song a second time. Make sure that your own to store your songs.

Remember to check the size before you open it. It is far easier than you may realize to download something you really did not want. This is definitely dangerous for your machine. Be certain any file is what you plan to download is of an appropriate size. Any individual file that’s really large or kind of small needs to be deleted before you open it.

You should make sure any music you download high quality files. Check kilobytes the music plays at per second for insight into sound quality.

Google offers a great subscription service that works out well for Android platform. For all of the songs you want to hear, you can accumulate a nice selection of tunes. Here at bollytv you will find any movie u want to watch online.

It is often less expensive to buy an entire album than it is to download individual songs.You also have lots of music that way. You may even be glad you took a new favorite tracks.

Preview any music before you purchase it. You need to ascertain that the file is clear and clean before you buy them. This even more crucial if you happen to be purchasing from a website that is not well-known. You’ll make sure that you’re getting the song by previewing it.

Only do business with a site that let you preview the music in advance. This makes sure that the quality download. A lot of the big sites guarantee their download quality, but you should watch out for smaller sites. Previewing will help you avoid getting stuck with low-quality music.

Most services will charge a fee for any extra files downloaded; this is typically okay. If you are not utilizing a paid service, make sure not to do this. These downloads range from mildly annoying or even contain harmful for your computer.

Free music archives can be a good way to get free MP3s. They offer music that is free to download and has been released for public use.

Make sure your antivirus protection is up-to-date before you start downloading music. It is deceptively simple to get a nasty virus downloaded with your song. Your anti-virus program should scan the downloaded file for malware before it’s saved onto your hard drive. It can also scan what happened after the download in case anything tried to slip through.

There are quite a few websites that require you to download additional files before you can start downloading music file. Reputable, paid sites like iTunes require such downloads, but this is safe. When dealing with a free service, you shouldn’t download these. Some have viruses that can put a virus on your computer and allow hackers access to your system.

Try to find sites that won’t limit to your number of downloads. You can find millions of tracks to choose from their extensive collections. They may also provide you with unlimited activity in exchange for a one-time fee. Just be sure your chosen site offers the variety to choose from.

You can customize a station unique to your listening preferences. Pandora is one popular radio service, but there are others that are good too.

Make sure that you store back up your iTunes library often. Your computer may break down at any time and cost you all of your settings.

Rhapsody is a great program for downloading without worrying about the law. You get a lot of music legally at a very low price.

All the physical CDs can be put in iTunes library pretty easily. Just put the CD into the computer, be sure iTunes checks the tracks, and then click on the Import CD button. It could take a while to copy, but you’ll soon have all the songs available to play on your devices.

Beware of downloads that need you to download lots of file and applications. These frequently contain tracking devices and push out ads to you. Try to deselect them and only choose the music you want. If you are unable to isolate just the music file for downloading, find another site to do business with.

This can reduce the alterations for you manually.

Remember that downloading music for free will be like ripping an artist off completely. While you may feel Drake or Lady Gaga have too much money already, there are others involved in the profit circle who can be negatively impacted, advertisers and other people involved in the process who make much less and rely on your purchase to pay their wages.

Do you see how it really is so simple? You do not have to feel anxious about music downloads. These ideas will help you grow your collection. You are going to discover that it’s pretty easy. Once you’ve gotten a great selection of what you enjoy, you can begin listening immediately! You’ll also be able to build on your collection!

Coronavirus/Covid-19 Precautions for Sjögren’s Patients

As a Sjögren’s affected person, your chance isn’t continually better for getting the coronavirus than others, however in case you do get diagnosed, you have to allow your medical doctor realize that you be bothered by Sjögren’s and that you’ll be at better hazard of complications from COVID-19.

Certain humans are at a better hazard of growing severe complications from COVID-19.

  • Over the age of 60
  • Pregnant ladies
  • People with excessive persistent scientific conditions along side heart disorder, lung disease, diabetes, kidney conditions, or people with compromised immune structures

As a be conscious

Not all of Sjögren’s patients have compromised immune systems.  This unique threat difficulty is for individuals who often take tablets to suppress the immune gadget. Examples encompass prednisone, methylprednisolone, Imuran, azathioprine, methotrexate, leflunomide, Arava, CellCept, mycophenolate, Rituxan, cyclophosphamide.

hydroxychloroquine

Please observe that hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) does NOT suppress your immune gadget and does no longer growth any risk for a more severe illness from COVID-19.  However all Sjögren’s sufferers must nevertheless be diligent and be examined if signs and symptoms and signs and symptoms turn out to be present.

Take cautionary steps in your everyday activities

As the extensive sort of times keep growing inside the United States, the Foundation is encouraging all patients to keep in mind taking vital precautions as mentioned with the resource of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to lessen your exposure.  These precautions embody:

  • Wash your palms regularly with cleaning soap and water for at the least 20 seconds
  • Cover your cough/sneeze with a tissue or your elbow.  Throw used tissues in a trash
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nostril, and mouth with unwashed fingers
  • Wash hands each time earlier than making use of eye drops, dry mouth or dry pores and skin merchandise
  • Avoid touching public surfaces
  • Clean and disinfect often touched objects and surfaces
  • Stay domestic whilst you are sick
  • Avoid individuals who appear visibly ill
  • Practice Social Distancing – Keep 6 feet amongst your self and special humans and live home on every occasion feasible
  • As regular with CDC pointers, wear a mask or material face protecting to assist gradual the spread
  • If the coronavirus is active for your community, keep in mind fending off crowded locations or situations. If there isn’t an active virus close to you, please consider your non-public fitness condition as making a decision whether or not to go to wherein there are various human beings.

RETAIL STORES & SPORTS ARENAS

With a Bio Knight installation, you can ensure a Continuous Microbial Shield protective shield against germs while saving cost and time on regular disinfection services

Prepare in Advance

  • In case your medical doctor and/or nearby government propose you to live home for an prolonged time because of coronavirus, ensure to prepare earlier for this form of state of affairs:
  • Review the medicinal drugs which you are taking to be sure that you have got enough for an prolonged time. Find out if your pharmacy can supply refills
  • Stock up on meals, beverage and hygiene elements
  • Prepare a listing of fitness care groups with touch/get right of entry to records
  • If you stay on my own, accumulate a listing of contacts who you would possibly name on if wished, which include friends and neighbors

Symptoms of coronavirus?

  • Common signs and symptoms and signs encompass fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
  • If you have got were given any of those signs, you ought to CALL your health practitioner, community health center or fitness sanatorium for recommendation and the way terrific to be examined.

The Only Web Hosting Tips You Ever Need

If you use an unreliable web host, visitors frequently will find themselves unable to access your site. This is just one of the many reasons why choosing a good web host. This article can help you identify and obtain the best web hosting service.

Find lots of different recommendations that appeal to you when you are choosing a host. If you just listen to a few people, then their levels of experience and competence may be so far apart that there is no way to make a middle ground decision.

Choose a web host that doesn’t have many outages. Don’t listen to their excuses! Any company that makes excuses for lengthy outages. Frequent outages are a sign of a unprofessional business, so it’s best you do not commit to this company.

When trying to choose a web host, select one that resides in the specific country of the audience you are targeting. For instance, if your target market resides within Germany, it is in your best interest to select a provider that operates a data center from within the country’s borders.

Web hosting services may charge you based on the type of traffic you receive. Find out how your host is going to bill you: some hosts charge different flat rates and your site progresses from one category to the other as it gets more traffic, or if they bill you in steps.

If you’re striving for a site that’s safe, look for secure server certificates.

Use this information to tweak the way that you change aspects of your website to attract more customers.

Try and find a web hosting service that has a cPanel. A cPanel allows you in adding popular applications onto your site with just a couple mouse clicks. These applications are usually user friendly and user-friendly to install. It also makes your website more efficient.

Try getting in touch with clients of a host on forums. These chats will also increase your confidence in a good company.Customers who currently use the hosting service will give the best information.

Having a positive reputation is highly valuable to any great web host. A company that does not entirely live up to its promises should be easy to recognize as well.

If you have more than one email for your site, ask web hosting providers about the email formats they allow. You are going to want POP 3.

A dedicated server upgrade can increase benefits and provide you need to keep your website online with faster response times.This type of server gives you extra bandwidth, along with better security and more storage space for your website. This will give your customers the optimum experience on your site. Keep in mind that satisfied clients are likely to come back again.

You want to ensure that the company doesn’t have a history of data breaches and site hackings. A good web host will back up its servers often.

Before you subscribe to a particular hosting plan, carefully examine the provider’s website. A good website is usually filled with information on the different things that you will have to learn in order to optimize your site. Figure out if you’ll be able to view more resources and tutorials as soon as you become their client.

A good thing to do is find that right host for your particular web business by reading and read the many reviews online. Do not take the claims of a web host at face value; it’s better to seek opinions about companies from their current customers.

The reasons to choose a reliable web host are numerous. The biggest problem seen with an unreliable web host is that visitors aren’t always successful at accessing your website. Make sure you use the advice given to you in this article to obtain a web hosting company that will give you the service you deserve.

Benefits of N95 Masks

n95 masks benefits
It’s surprising people in the US dont know much about paper facial masks or mask sheets. Everyone is accustomed to either homemade recipes or buying the gunky ones in store and smearing on their face. However, life is so much easier and convenient with paper facial masks. Let me introduce the many benefits and conveniences of a paper facial mask.

What is a Paper Face Mask Pack?
There are several types of face masks: creamy facial masks usually purchased in tubes or containers, peel off facial masks and paper face masks also known as mask sheets. But what about the paper based face masks?

A paper face mask is a soft piece of paper or tissue cut in the form of a mask soaked in different types of nutrients and ingredients.

There is a mask for many different types of desired skin care effects with a special ingredient for each one. e.g. there are seaweed masks, lemon, fruit or plant extracts, such as cactus, cucumber, aloe, herb, red ginseng and the list goes on.

These face mask packs can be used by both men and women. Face masks are applied after you wash your face and left on for a duration of 15-20 minutes.

Paper Face Mask Function?
Each facial mask also has a unique purpose. Some are made for deep cleansing, cleaning the pores, hydration, firming, nourishing, anti-aging, whitening, soothing an exhausted face and more. For example, a Collagen facial mask will have revitalize skin. It will heighten your skin to maintain moisture in a short amount of time for dehydrated skin that is tired, burnt and exhausted from UV rays.

Benefits
General vs Mask Sheet

  • Convenience – No mess no fuss. Apply within 20 secs. Take it with you on your trips or apply it on your flight.
  • Highly effective – Immediate difference after use. Users testify that high quality face masks were better than a $90 facial.
  • Organic ingredients – Natural skin care that energizes and detoxifies our face skin.
  • Perfect budget – Great prices starting from $2 and up.
  • Easy to carry – Very light and in a sealed packet. Easy to carry around during vacation.
  • Special occasions – Use the night before or on the morning of a special occasion such as a wedding, party or conference. No need to book at a spa and spend time traveling and waiting.
  • Great makeup absorption – Applying make up after the use of a face mask maximizes the absorption of makeup. Leads to smooth and shiny skin.
  • Gifts – Great gifts for your girlfriend, daughters, moms, wives. Even great for men since it is so easy and they can hide in their home.

 

Is Gambling in South Korea Illegal?

Gambling is without doubt one of the most popular pastimes on the planet. However with its potentially addictive nature and the social consequences that this may entail it has been deemed illegal in many countries around the world. As in most of Asia gambling in South Korea is, in principle, illegal. It states in the Criminal Act, Article 246 that anyone who gambles or bets for the purpose of gaining property shall be punished by a fine of up to 5 million Won. Article 247 prohibits the opening of a place for the use of gambling for a profit and sets a punishment of imprisonment for no more than 3 years or a fine of up to 20 million Won.

This law is not a blanket exclusion of gambling and, in Korea you, you can still gamble under restricted circumstances – an example being for the promotion of tourism. There has also been laws enacted allowing gambling in certain circumstances.

For example:

a. Casinos

The laws vary for foreigners and Korean citizens. As it stands at the moment the Special Act on the Assistance to the Development of Abandoned Mine Areas allows the running of the only land based casino in Korea that Korean citizens may enter. It is located in Gangwon province, in an abandoned mining district, the remote countryside helping to further restrict access for Koreans.

For non-Korean citizens the Tourism Promotion Act offers permission for hotels to operate casinos that only foreign nationals are allowed to enter. Such casinos are currently running in Seoul, Incheon, Jeju Island and are heavily supervised by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

b. Lotteries

There are 2 lotteries open to Korean citizens the Lotto and the Toto ( a sports lottery). The operation of and selling of tickets are regulated under the Lottery Fund Act.

c. Racing

Horse racing and betting at the venues is permitted under the Korean Horse Affairs Association Act and comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Other race sports are also legal and regulated, these include cycling and motor boat racing although these both come under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

d. Online Gambling

This is currently a gray area as Korea does not have relevant laws for the specifics of online gambling. Arguments can be made for both sides – for example, the monetary transactions will be taking place outside of Korean jurisdiction so can in no way be subject to Korean law, hence it is very unlikely that your money will be seized by anyone. However the end user is still in Korea so may well be subject to the national laws that apply to general gambling. The National Police Agency has established the Criminal Activity Investigation Team to help control any potentially unlawful online activities, including gambling. This certainly implies that it would be ‘considered’ illegal; although at present no cases have been brought to test this.

https://livesportstv.org/

e. Slot machines

These are all illegal outside of a casino.

David has an Ma in Law from Brighton University and currently maintains a successful roulette systems and poker tutorials [http://www.dashelc.com] website.

Cheap Medicines Online – Is it Worth It To Buy Them?

Healthcare inflation has led many people to patronize cheaper drugs. The cheapest substitute to branded medicines is generic drugs. If the doctor recommends a specific branded medicine, one can request for a generic drug with the same effect. Generic drugs are grouped under over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription pill categories. The Congressional Budget Office of the United States reports that consumers saved $8 to $ 10 billion every year by buying generic drugs.

Unlike the manufacturers of branded medicines, generic drug pharmaceuticals do not spend for for development and research. Roughly $32 billion is the cost of developing new drugs, as reported by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. The average cost to develop one drug is $897 million, according to the Boston’s Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development. These figures explain why new branded drugs are very expensive.

Generic drugs are more inexpensive because they no money is spent on research and development. The generic medicines are created upon the expiry of a branded drug’s patent. The patent’s expiry lets numerous pharmaceutical companies to produce and sell a generic version. As the competition increases, lower-priced drugs sell more. Although the prices are lower, the generics must use the same active ingredients as the branded counterpart. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is tasked to make sure that all generic drugs meet their standards.

Generic medicines are available at online pharmacies. These pharmacy sites offer inexpensive quality medicines. However, buying medicines online comes with many risks. Some of these websites are fraudulent sites that do not deliver quality-control medicines. Most of these companies are not even recognized by the US FDA, resulting in customers consuming unsafe drugs from unauthorized pharmacies.

It is imperative to scrutinize the pharmacies selling cheap medicine online. Although these online drugstores offer prices lower than local pharmacies, it is more important to ensure that the products are secure for consumption. It It is more costly to visit a doctor in order to be cured from a fake medicine’s side effects than purchasing more costly but more effective and less harmful drugs from reputable pharmacies.

Opting to buy cheap medicines online comes with its pros and cons. In order to be safe, it is advisable to consult online pharmacy review sites. User comments from these sites will determine the credibility and reliability of the pharmacy’s products and services. It is also important to confirm that the reviews are from actual individuals who have experienced making business with a specific online pharmacy.

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